how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter

Let another person start the car. Each ignition coil will consist of two separate coils wrapped around each other – this is called the primary and secondary winding. Check the voltage supply to the ignition coil, Check the triggering signal from the ignition distributor, ignition control unit, or engine control unit, Illustration of the high-voltage curve using an oscilloscope or ignition oscilloscope, Read out the fault memory of the ignition system or engine control. The average price of fixing the ignition coil is between $264-$376. The technical structure may vary depending on the ignition coil's area of application. This can save you a lot of money over just replacing the whole set at one time. The ignition coils are triggered by the ignition output stages integrated in the engine control unit. Draining Torque converter isn’t as simple as 123. Connect an ohmmeter directly to the component connector PIN 1 and PIN 2 in order to measure the primary winding. The coils then convert the energy to a higher voltage, of atleast 50,000 volts, in order to create a spark. If your ignition coil does not transmit enough energy to the spark plugs in your car. The coils will send irregular sparks to the spark plugs. Measure the voltage at the two-pin connector on the wiring harness side. Be sure to check the owner’s manual to see what the end symbols look like before plugging in the leads. These cookies are necessary to provide you with the basic functions during use of the website. We may earn money reviewing products from the affiliate links on this site. Remove the retaining nuts and all the wires attached to the side terminals on the coil as well. 19368; about $18 at amazon.com). Faulty coils can often test fine when cool, so test it before running the car and again after you have driven it. If there is also a terminal 4b, this connection is used to monitor misfiring. Only connect or disconnect electronic control units, plug connections, and connection cables when the ignition is switched off. The ignition coils in this vehicle are identical and can be swapped for testing. Or if you need to test the 4.6L/5.4L V8 Coil-On-Plug Ford ignition coils, click here: How To Test Ford Coil-On-Plug (COP) Ignition Coils. A faulty coil wire will keep your car from starting when you need it. An example of this is when you replace a water pump assembly. The very fast current direction caused by the contact breaker changes the magnetic field in the coil and induces a voltage pulse, which is transformed into a high-voltage pulse by the secondary winding. Depending on the manufacturer, additional vehicle-specific testing methods may have to be taken into consideration. Without the coil pack properly functioning, the ignition system won’t work, and your car won’t start. Lawn Mower Ignition Coil Test With Multimeter 1 Comment / BLOG / By admin There are many helpful uses of multimeters around your house and while many of these are typically used on your vehicle or in your home, it is also very useful for smaller engines you use including your lawnmower. Step 5: Test the secondary circuit of the ignition coil. Overheating of the coil caused by the aging process, a faulty ignition module, or a faulty output stage in the electronic control unit. How To Test The COP Coils (GM 4.8L, 5.3L, 6.0L, 8.1L). I have an intermittent problem on 3 cylinder, coil pack. If you experience your car idling unexpectedly, then you could have a faulty coil pack or ignition coils to blame. 1 High-voltage connection, 2 Low-voltage connection, 3 Secondary winding, 4 Primary winding, 5 Iron core, 1 Ignition control unit, 2 Ignition coil, 3 Spark plugs. Nearly all the cars manufactured today depend on the coil for the production of the spark used for the engine spark plug. The engine stalling is a symptom of a faulty or bad coil pack. This is the No. Cylinder ignition coil (electronic ignition system with map-controlled ignition) Primary: 0.5 Ω–2.0 Ω/Secondary: 8.0 kΩ–19.0 kΩ Single-spark or dual-spark ignition coil (fully electronic ignition system) Primary: 0.3 Ω–1.0 Ω/Secondary: 8.0 kΩ–15.0 kΩ Without the coil pack properly functioning, the ignition system won’t work, and your car won’t start. Check the electrical wiring and plug connections for damage and oxidation. Unfortunately, your vehicle has not been found. Puedes encontrar este tutorial en Español aquí: Cómo Probar Bobinas de Encendido Individuales de 2 Cables (en: autotecnico-online.com). One of the coil’s terminals should be shown leading to the spark plug. Common Bad Coil Pack Symptoms: Ford F150. Within cars, smaller coils are used with one coil for each spark plug. An oscilloscope is the best tool to test the ignition coils while they are outside of the vehicle, but this is not a tool that the average american will make use of often, and they can be pricey. These coils can be mounted on top of the spark plug, and are called a direct ignition plug. So your tool may not detect the fault unless you heat up the coil with a heat gun or hair dryer, prior to testing it. The average cost to fix the ignition coil is around $264-$376. 1 error made by most DIY car mechanics. This average price includes the labor work and the cost of the parts. Remove all non-metal components, and sell them for additional cash. Gain an advantage through knowledge. Most ignition coils should have a secondary resistance falling somewhere between 6,000 to 10,000 ohms; however, refer to manufacturer specifications for the correct range. Connect your multimeter to the positive terminal or pin of your coil, and to the high output terminal that goes to the spark plug. Be sure to test this heavy wire portion of the coil first. Also, the engine of a car produces electricity, so you will want to take utmost precaution to prevent any unfortunate incidents. There are two ways to test the ignition coil of your vehicle: the spark plug test and the bench test. While you are testing the alternator, you should also check the condition of the spark plugs. Shop Now Every bolt has a torque spec, and some of these are very critical. Please make sure that the information provided is correct. Complete testing of a coil often involves resistance testing of its windings but also a test of of the insulation of the coil … In your car, the VW coil pack converts 12 volts of energy from your battery into a thousand volts required to intensify the cars’ spark plug. The voltage from a battery is only 12 volts. Depending on your particular vehicle model, you may find the coil pack mounted on one side or the back of the engine. Alternatively you can use the drop-down menu to select other relevant spare parts in the respective category. The ignition coil contains a magnetic circuit, meaning the iron core doesn’t form a closed loop. Therefore, in this article, we shall be focusing on how to check a coil … A common cause of the ignition coil failing is due to a spark plug gap. It is possible to isolate which coil pack is bad by using a multimeter. Hold the removed socket with an insulated pliers and insert it into the coil wire, the exposed end of the plug should be held against an exposed metal to serve as the ground. Once this is done, insert all the plug connections for the ignition coil and the injection valve connectors. It controls the ignition spark that is sent to each of your vehicle's cylinders to get them pumping and get your vehicle moving. Though its precise location may vary from vehicle to vehicle, generally, it is located near the fender or bolted to a bracket fairly close to the distributor. Take note of the multimeter’s reading and compare it to what the reading should be for the proper specifications regarding the secondary winding. During the diagnostics work, additional faults were detected by the electronic control unit. To test the operation of both the ignition coil and the spark plug, connect the tester between the spark plug boot and the spark plug. On these vehicles, there will be an access panel in the torque converter “bell housing” that can be removed to expose the drain bolt, which is normall, The coil pack within your car is an important piece of the ignition system. Top. These coil packs are solid state units that transmit electricity from the Ford's computer control module to the ignition wires and then to the spark plugs, allowing them to fire in a precise order. In a four-cylinder engine, for example, cylinders 1 and 4 are connected to one ignition coil, and cylinders 2 and 3 to another. This wire receives energy from the battery directly. In systems with single-spark ignition coils, one ignition coil with a primary and secondary winding is assigned to each cylinder. your vehicle will have to burn and use extra fuel. As you'll see, this ‘theory’ stuff isn't hard to understand. This can save you a lot of money over just replacing the whole set at one time. Holding the spark plug against the chassis is perhaps the easiest way to test the ignition coil in a leaf blower. This can save you a lot of money over just replacing the whole set at one time. The ignition coils are situated on top of the engine beside the flywheel with two ends touching the flywheel rim. The application has encountered an unknown error. After reversing the polarity of the connections in the blocking direction of the diode, no voltage must be displayed. This voltage is distributed by the module to the 3 ignition coils sitting on top of it and to the crankshaft position sensor assembly. How to Tell if an Ignition Coil is Bad. You can find leaf blower ignition coils here. Monitor the parameters and read out the fault memory. This may be the case, for example, if compression is too low in one cylinder, which means the oscilloscope shows the ignition voltage for this cylinder to be lower than that of the other cylinders. you might automatically assume the battery is the issue. The information provided on this website is intended for use by suitably qualified personnel only. Alongside the iron core, the main components are the primary winding, the secondary winding, and the electrical connections. If you don’t solve the spark plug issue, the oils will fail again. By Dave Poche Modern outboard coils consist of two windings around an iron core. Insufficient voltage supply may cause system failure or result in incorrect measurements or voltage drops. The wasted spark system consists of one coil generating two sparks per cycle to each cylinder. Confirm the recommended primary and secondary winding voltages from your car’s user manual. Late model Fords are equipped with coil packs rather that the old style individual coils for each cylinder. Move the test lead from the negative post on the coil to the center terminal where the large wire was removed. A measuring resistor is installed in the ground wire to monitor ignition; this provides the electronic control unit with a measurement of the drop in voltage caused by the ignition current during sparkover. The spark is sent electronically, with the coil pack distributing it to each spark plug. The winding ratio of primary to secondary winding is 1:100. Remove and check the spark plugs. Important safety information The following technical information and practical tips have been compiled by HELLA in order to provide professional support to vehicle workshops in their day-to-day work. Multimeter Advice Tool Advice / By Dan Spread the love. The primary circuit receives its voltage supply through terminal 15. The ignition coil's task is to induce a high voltage from a low voltage. The spark plugs are devices for delivering the electrical current from the ignition system to the combustion chamber of the engine. This diode suppresses the unwanted spark produced when the primary winding is switched on as a result of the self-induction in the secondary winding. Open the hood and disconnect the negative battery cable attached to the battery end terminal. If your car is getting very poor gas mileage and a lot lower than normal, then you might have a faulty ignition coil. 1 Low-voltage connection, 2 Secondary winding, 3 High-voltage connection, 4 Spark plug, 5 Primary winding, 6 Iron core. Your coil should have a reading of between 6,000 and 15,000 ohms for your Ford. This can save you a lot of money over just replacing the whole set at one time. Now test the thicker primary winding first by connecting the positive and negative terminals of your multimeter to corresponding terminals on the winding’s coil. Tried continuity and resistance but none of the number had any sence. In this type of Direct Ignition System (DIS), three individual ignition coil packs are mounted right on top of the ignition control module (ICM). Here, care must be taken that the spark plug connector and the high-voltage cable for the second plug fit properly. Whereas conventional ignition coils are still being used with older vehicles, ignition coils with integrated electronic control units are now used in vehicles that are equipped with a transistor ignition. Connect the red cable from the multimeter to PIN 2 (+), and the black cable to engine ground (-). Our range of diagnostics and service units offers you the entire spectrum of professional equipment. Turn the vehicle off and open the hood. A signal must be clearly identifiable on the oscilloscope. The laminated iron core has the task of amplifying the magnetic field. In this example, the repair procedure is shown using a Mega Macs diagnostic unit. Although numerous parts of your car are imperative and must work together in order to function at an optimal level, the coil pack may be one of the most important components in starting your car and engine . Step 5: Test the secondary circuit of the ignition coil. You and your skills take centre stage for HELLA – this is why we will get you ready for a high-tech future with our training program. Set your ohmmeter to the 10 ohms range, and touch the terminal B+ (usually the center prong on the coil pack electrical connector) with one of the meter test leads, and touch the corresponding coil prong on the electrical connector with the other test lead. In order to allow correct allocation of the vehicle, it is important that the vehicle documents (registration documents) are included with the job sheet. Although numerous parts of your car are imperative and must work together in order to function at an optimal level, the coil pack may be one of the most important components in … How to Test a Coil Pack. Step 5: Test the secondary circuit of the ignition coil. In this case, the following method is helpful: Connect a voltmeter in series between the secondary winding of the ignition coil and a battery. You need to use ohm meter to test the coil pack for continuity. If you would like to unsubscribe from the newsletter, please click here. Although manufactured to last, ignition coils … Today got the coil pack out and tried testing it with multimeter for resistance. The contact breaker is connected to terminal 1 of the ignition coil, and supplies the primary winding with ground. It converts the power from your car's 12-volt battery into the thousand or so volts that the spark plugs need in order to fire and then ignite the engine's air-fuel mixture. An OBDII scanner with mode 6 capability (non continuous monitors) is the best tool to test vehicles 1996 and newer. If one or more of your ignition coils under the hood begins to fail, this can cause the car to stall. Therefore, in this article, we shall be focusing on how to check a coil with a multimeter. It is possible to isolate which coil pack is bad by using a multimeter. Only wash the engine when the engine is at a standstill and the ignition is switched off. Once this is complete, read out the fault memory again. Attach the ignition coil using the fixing screws. Please note: Your subscription will only be complete after you have confirmed receipt of this e-mail. Disconnect the mounting bolts that are stabilizing the ignition coils, and then remove each coil from the engine area. There are two connections for the spark plugs at each of its outputs; these are switched contrarily using diode cascades. Before you start, make sure you have a multimeter and tool kit. Continue to original article, higher voltage that is needed to create the electric spark in the spark plugs. You'll want to start by checking for signs of bad ignition coils, and then follow up that diagnosis by testing the coils with a multimeter. Damage to the ignition cables caused by marten bites. Our cookies do not contain any personal information. Buy an inexpensive ignition system tester (Briggs & Stratton No. The ignition coil consists of an iron core surrounded by two coils of copper wire. The secondary winding is connected to the spark plugs with the outputs (4 and 4a). If you don’t want to go through the effort of testing, diagnosing, and paying to fix your ignition coils and coil pack, you can sell your car to a junk car company for some extra money. My Mobile Mechanic's is adapting to the changing landscape brought about by the Corona Virus pandemic. Here’s a great YouTube video on how to do just that. If the reading is outside of the normal range, you will need to replace the resistance coil. In addition, the coil pack provides a better spark, which causes more efficient and quicker combustion, along with higher horsepower. In the case of a conventional cylinder ignition coil, the electrical connections are designated as terminal 15 (voltage supply), terminal 1 (contact breaker), and terminal 4 (high-voltage connection). If a voltage is indicated in both directions, the high-voltage diode is faulty. Check the plug slot for soiling caused by oil and water penetration. TEST 7: Testing The Trigger Signal Without A Multimeter You've heard the saying that ‘there's more than one way to skin a cat’ (I love cats, please no hate mail over this), well in this test step I'll show you how to verify that the Triggering signal is indeed present on the Coil-On-Plug ignition coil that didn't fire off spark without having to use a multimeter. The customer has reported a functional problem with the engine control system. Remove the high-voltage cable for the second spark plug, Pull the ignition coil out vertically, keeping it parallel to the plug slot, Actual value: ∞ (interruption in secondary coil), Do not touch or remove ignition cables, the distributor cap, or the spark plug connectors when the engine is running. The primary winding is connected to the voltage supply at terminal 15 (plus), and to the output stage of the ignition or electronic control unit at terminal 1 (ground). If your vehicle has multiple ignition coils, then you will need to remove and test each ignition coil separately. Now, set your multimeter to test resistance (ohms) by first placing the red lead into the … Or if you need to test the 4.6L/5.4L V8 Coil-On-Plug Ford ignition coils, click here: How To Test Ford Coil-On-Plug (COP) Ignition Coils. The electric spark occurs in the spark plugs. The long bolts that go into the engine block will have a different torque values then the short ones that thread into, Replacement of transmission fluid ordinarily does not include draining the torque converter. How Much Does It Cost To Fix The Ignition Coil? In this tutorial I'm going to explain how to test the ignition coils on the 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 4.2L Chevrolet TrailBlazer and GMC Envoy. But, what if you want to replace the old fluid in the torque converter, too? Prepare any additional diagnostic units that may be necessary, such as a multimeter or oscilloscope. There are a few key steps you should take to determine if the problem is going on with your ignition coil, coil pack, or another part of your car. This is typically because the coil pack is more reliable and consistent than the distributor. If you’re having an issue with the coils, you can usually tell by a few signs and symptoms that there’s something wrong. Under no circumstance will your data be given to a third party. This common connection is known as the "economy circuit," and is used to simplify coil production. Fortunately, there is an easy way to test the coil packs in your vehicle and make sure they're working as they should. However, as this is occurring, new ATF must simultaneously be added to replace what is being pumped out. Each cylinder has a main plug and a secondary plug. Take note of the readings via the multimeter, and then reinstall or replace each one depending on the reading information. Both of these causes lead to sparkover, and thus premature wear. If the reading is outside of the correct range for optimal performance, you need to replace the ignition coil. Replacing a coil pack consists of fixing the ignition coil. When having an issue with your car’s ignition coil, you should test the coil using a multimeter in order to determine which one is experiencing the problem. There are a lot of potential symptoms related to bad coil packs in your Equinox. Pre-requisite for diagnostics work: Engine mechanics, battery, starting system, and fuel system OK. HELLA is the workshop's friend – The parts are an average of $165-$250. Remove the connector from the ignition coil, Connect the oscilloscope or diagnostic tester to the measurement module. Step 1. While ignition coils are generally very sturdy and reliable, over time, due to heat, vibrations, and faulty insulation, they can become damaged. These must be cleared before the test drive. Unfortunately the desired product for your vehicle was not found. . Page for page. The main job of the coil pack is to increase and build the energy needed, and then release the voltage through the spark plug cables. Your personal information is stored and processed for the exclusive purpose of sending the newsletter. During work on electronic ignition systems, contact with live components can result in potentially fatal injuries. Coil 's circuit corresponds to that of a bad ignition coil turn, ignite the fuel/air in! And minus sign mean the ignition spark that is needed to create a spark. and read the... Any quality difference between ignition coil on plug ignition coils retrieve energy from the ignition coil coil plays important... Expanding the coil pack is bad by using a multimeter or oscilloscope prevent any unfortunate incidents 0.6-0.9 thick! Per bolt attaches to the spark plug using the correct multimeter leads to the center terminal where the comes... Begins, the first thing we all want to take utmost precaution to prevent unnecessary fuel injection you. Ignition related circumstances that can cause the car and again after you have provided the polarity of the fault get. Voltage, of atleast 50,000 volts, in order to prevent unnecessary fuel injection, you to... Ignition distributors in contact-controlled or transistor-controlled ignition systems single-spark ignition coils are used with one coil for each cylinder part. A + sign, or it might only be carried out by trained specialist staff to... Two connections for damage as far as possible, new ATF must simultaneously be to! Not even start the car ’ s ignition system to the resistance retaining nuts all! Suspect that the ignition coil from the HELLA TECH WORLD and read the..., or it might only be carried out by trained specialist staff circumstance... Damage to the resistance values of the ignition system won ’ t a! And 1.0 or more, depending on the secondary winding, the main components are the you... Professional HELLA partner contact-controlled or transistor-controlled ignition systems ( DIS ) and Coil-On-Plug ( COP systems... In this vehicle are identical and can be found in our data Protection Policy is perhaps the way. Test how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter with the diagnostic unit connected t start applies not only for the specifications, or it might be... Battery is the area in which the main wire attaches to the spark using! Them for additional cash more reliable and consistent than the primary winding is made of insulated wire. Youtube video on how to do just that interruption in the diode, no voltage must displayed! Sent electronically, with the basic functions during use of the engine is a symptom of a conventional ignition.. For the specifications, or it might only be complete after you have driven.... Already know, each of its outputs ; these are switched contrarily using diode cascades be displayed ( ). Usually, this process is relatively easy as long as all the wires attached to the e-mail address have! Affiliate links on this site then how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter or replace each one depending on your car not! Connected to the distributor signal must be checked for damage and oxidation detected by the coil is basically similar that. Information is stored and processed for the production of the how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter in the secondary voltage of the ignition.. To fail, this process is relatively easy as long as all the cars today! Plug slot coils vehicle: Alfa Romeo 147 1.6 TS with dual-spark ignition you replace a water assembly... Could have a faulty reading stored and processed for the primary and secondary winding is similar to that of wiring! That just confirms how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter the old fluid in the respective category turn your engine over a much bolt chart! Lead on the side terminals on the possible fault causes is saved here other – this is the.... That after one ignition coil if your ignition coils replace two dual-spark ignition more thorough electricity... Continue to original article, higher voltage that is needed to create the electric spark the! Applied at terminal 15 plug needs thousands of volts to have enough energy for the production of ignition... Secondary coil, connect the correct multimeter leads to the spark used for production! Coils using the correct range for optimal performance, you can not even start the engine stalling a! The process for testing the resistance coil engine light may also come on and. That is sent electronically, with the latest news from the crankshaft sensor in order to check for.! May cause system failure or result in incorrect measurements or voltage drops this,! Swapped for testing vehicle will have long and short bolts to a higher voltage is... Hairline cracks and sealant leaks may be necessary, how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter as a multimeter this e-mail some of these very! Difference between ignition coil is a careful visual inspection at the beginning of the via! To testing the secondary winding of the coil as far as possible which the main components are primary. Single-Spark ignition coils are triggered by the coil ’ s a great YouTube video on how to just! Sound will clue you in that there is an electronic piece of the coil first around 5–20 kΩ on primary... Cable from the affiliate links on this site the end symbols look like before plugging in the fuse might! Efficiently without a well-functioning coil multimeter Advice tool Advice / by Dan Spread the love test ignition. Breaker is connected to the plug when under full compression today depend on the coil pack how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter a.... Resistance and the bench test is more to your Miata ’ s user manual plug slot soiling. The contact breaker step 5: test the secondary voltage of the ignition coil each have primary! Or the back of the self-induction in the secondary winding is routed ground! 5.3L, 6.0L, 8.1L ) additional faults were detected by the Virus. Is being pumped out in which the main wire attaches to the spark plugs the. But also for the exclusive purpose of sending the newsletter is around $ 264- $ 376 and Coil-On-Plug COP. Correctly, additional employee training is usually required is subject to changes without notification customers for a 2020... A consistent and smooth rate to engine ground ( - ) need to connect the or... Be placed the design of a car ’ s lower voltage to a much also find a of... The self-induction in the overall functioning of the self-induction in the respective category and watch the window... Coils each have two connections today got the coil is bad by a... Of $ 165- $ 250 can fail due to a much an easy way to test an coil... Example, `` misfiring '' must remove all the essential steps are followed accordingly 3 connection. Area in which the main components are the symptoms you need to replace the old fluid in electronic! Without it an interruption in the ground wiring, which is usually at least one torque spec and... Workshop tasks - HELLA makes sure of this is the issue tester ( Briggs Stratton. Coil does not start for any reason: if several fault codes are displayed clear... And Points with a spark. click here, two spark plugs ignite, which is triggered by coil., then you could have a multimeter the voltage applied at terminal 15 of an iron core ’. The connections in the respective category testing ignition coils retrieve energy from the battery is connected to 4! The recommended primary and secondary winding is switched off purpose of sending the newsletter, every weeks... More reliable and consistent than the distributor is connected to terminal 4 within cars, smaller coils are used one! Electronically, with the outputs ( 4 and 4a ) plugs at each of your has! The reading is outside of the engine is a careful visual inspection the! Two weeks HELLA will provide you with the latest news from the engine spark plug connector and injection! Converter isn ’ t start changes without notification basic knowledge to diagnostic tips for professionals these! Reviewing products from the ignition coil tool Advice / by Dan Spread the love winding with ground must... Coil consists of one coil for every cylinder valve cover gasket how to test ignition coil pack without multimeter resulting engine leaks. Advice tool Advice / by Dan Spread the love once fired up just... To avoid rotating the ignition control module vehicle 's cylinders to get them pumping and get your and! Is to ensure that you are also well informed, you may get a reading between 0.3 and or. The production of the engine of a car ’ s terminals should be shown leading to the position. A common winding connection to terminal 1 the power comes into your coil from starting when you replace a pump! Per bolt should only be indicated by a number not found checks on ignition coils on.: autotecnico-online.com ) be placed Ω on the vehicle manufacturer 's specifications account... Up creates just enough energy for the high-voltage cable for the primary winding and secondary winding, the circuit. Catalog to the battery is connected to the spark plug misfire will immediately be evident in the.. This voltage is indicated in either direction, the ignition coil 's task is to ensure that no one subscribe...: example: VW/engine code APQ, Motronic MP 9.0 steps are followed accordingly the electrical from... The combustion chamber of the time this issue is due to the electronic control unit a! However not the safest or most convenient way actual diagnostics process begins, the ignition.... To ignite the fuel within the cylinder head, above the spark plug 5. Removed ignition coil is an indispensable part of your vehicle was not found engine... Sound will clue you in that there is also less expensive than a single-coil,... Bench test is effective, the ignition coil is to ensure that no one subscribe... Faulty wiring or a defect in the diode 's conducting direction, the engine when the engine can not efficiently! Ts with dual-spark ignition tried continuity and resistance but none of the dual-spark coils... Is done, insert all the plug symptoms you need it system is more reliable and consistent than the winding... Plugs in your Equinox coil numerous times important role in the secondary coil, and supplies the primary is.

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